INDARUNG I: ANOTHER MILESTONE OF INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE IN INDONESIA
The Municipality of Padang in West Sumatra has taken an important step in September 2022 to designate the former cement factory Indarung I of PT Semen Padang and the hydroelectric power station PLTA Rasak Bungo as protected sites.
The Indarung I Factory was established in 1910 originated as NV Nederlandsch-Indische Portland Cement Maatschappij (NIPCM) and PLTA Rasak Bungo was established in 1908 to generate electricity for the cement factory Indarung I.
The Indarung I Factory is the oldest cement factory in Southeast Asia.
The next step is to propose both sites for protection on the national level.
The local stakeholders have been preparing adaptive reuse plans for the former cement factory Indarung I which will focus on educative programs.
In the past several parties have shown great interest in the sites. modern Architecture Asia Network (mAAN) has organized a workshop (2011), as well as Pan-Sumatra Network for Heritage Conservation (Pansumnet) (2015) in conjunction with Industrial Heritage at Stake Gathering in Sawanlunto.
The results of the workshops could be potentially considered by the owner, PT Semen Padang, and the local authorities, in planning the future of these extraordinary sites.
The designation of Indarung I PT Semen Padang and PLTA Rasak Bungo strengthen the efforts to raise awareness about the industrial heritage of West Sumatra, and Indonesia, after the designation of the former coal mining Ombilin in Sawahlunto as a World Heritage site in 2019.
The link of mAAN The Padang Cement Factory Revitalization Workshop blog by Setia Sopandi: https://cungss.wordpress.com/2011/09/17/lessons-from-indonesia-maan-workshops-and-industrial-heritage/
The link about the Industrial Heritage at Stake Gathering of Pansumnet in Padang and Sawahlunto: https://internationalheritage.dutchculture.nl/en/pansumnet-2015-gathering-industrial-heritage-stake
Pictures courtesy of Jonny Wongso (2022) and the picture of Semen Padang around the 1940s of Gerard de Graaf.